GMO Labeling Pros

Genetically Modified foods have significantly become a talk and a piece of debate all over the world. This has raised the concern of consumers who have consequently turned to advocate and push for legalities to be put in place in requirement for companies that produce GMO foods to label them, a plea I strong support and concur with.

Yes, GMO foods should and must be labelled. This is because it is the right of the public to know the ingredients of the foods that they purchase for their consumption. Realistically speaking, should you eat something you don’t know its components? It is therefore very important to have GMO products well labelled because the public deserve and have the right to know the components of the food they eat and serve their families with for GMO foods materially differ from the organic non-engineered foods by a big margin.

Why are we afraid of something that is not any costly? Labelling of GMO foods is very easy and cheap. The process will only help the consumers have their right and it will not increase the cost of food by any little penny. Other companies have labeled and changed their products’ labels with a lot of ease, why is the process getting hard with GMO foods? Labeling GMO foods has no any change in food cost, to consumers and producers, and takes way very short time. Labelling of GMO foods supports free market and food democracy. It is necessary that the free market provides consumers with accurate information on products to enhance correct informed choices. Labeling will therefore help consumers decision making on foods they purchase for religious, personal, cultural, health, ethical, environmental, economic and even moral reasons.

In addition, GMO labelling supports local agriculture and mitigates environmental risks. The underlying value of organic foods is at stake with GMO production. Labelling GMO foods will allow consumers to make informed choices and by so doing increase the demand of organic foods thus support local agriculture. Also, GMO foods sees the use of toxic pesticides and herbicides. Labeling GMO foods will lead to a low demand of GMO foods and thus constitute to the less use of the toxic chemicals associated with GMO foods hence help mitigate environmental risks.

Having a closer look at this, any sincere and real mind would advocate and concur with me that, LABELLING OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOODS IS A MUST.

The Second String Quartet

The Second String Quartet is a true representation of a move away from the splendidness of the preceding works done in large scale towards the commencement of a decline into an increasingly introspective and dark world that was formerly occupied by obsessing mortality and death thoughts. The introspection in the second quartet, which is both emotional and spiritual, bonds with mystical sublime and ethereal sense which borders on coolness in what is seen to be very deep meditation of the mortality and death subject. The Second Quartet is a transcendence which is more emotional and spiritual as it is harmonic and musical. It makes the audience get into another world. “I feel the air of another planet” (Geister, 2004).

The Second Quartet is seen to mark “the transition to my second place” by the author showing it as a great milestone from the First Quartet and including other components like the soprano. The Second Quartet intimates tonal centers renunciation that was much vital for characterizing the prior works. The Second Quartet also included the more formal organization and juxtaposition of key-centered and non-tonal passages and greatly forms the basic compositional premise of the Second Quartet as a whole. Sensibly and in connection to this, the Second Quartet is significantly very different as compared to op.7 or even op.9 pieces which included the movement of individual parts being independent of any harmonic implications. Distinctive is the way the sonata structure is manipulated into a technical and very costly conflict between atonal and tonal gestures. The contrast between themes is distinctively sharper than that between the analogous themes and is indeed more extreme than any other sonata done before. The Second Quartet is quite a creative piece of art which much explores the application of manipulation of spectral and temporal micro sonic content consequently to form memetic understanding (Geister, 2004).



Reigen Seliger Geister, (2004), On My Second String Quartet. Web:, December 09, 2016.

Summarizing an Article

From the article it is evident that marketing simply involves putting the right thing where it exactly ought to be, at the very right time and right price. Though it may just seem a cheap and easy proposition, it takes in a lot of hard work and research on identifying the best place to put the product and at what time. Borrowing from the article, the Over The Counter drugs had fast movement with customers taking less of their time to even read through the ingredients and thus ending up to overdose just from the attraction of the displays.

From the article, it is evident that consumer do their purchases according to their intellectual knowledge about that product. This brings into consideration the novice and expert consumers. Rarely do consumers go by the professional advice but have a predetermined mind and norm that they go to purchase items on. From the article, novice consumers are seen to purchase Over The Counter drugs which have similar ingredients an d would rather have the overdose than change their minds even after a professional advice. This indicates that novice consumers go for what they want and no amount of conviction would change their mind. It is therefore an alert to marketing that, however similar a product or a service maybe, there is whatsoever no point in saying that consumers would not have them both.

However accessible and salient the active ingredients of similar product is, the decision of novice consumers may not be different for they don’t even consider reading the ingredient information to avoid a repetition of the same purchase though  in a different packaging. Only experts may read and understand the ingredient information and its relevance to avoid risks of buying the same thing twice. For instance, the risks in buying over the counter drugs which have the same active ingredients. It is therefore very relevant to come up with interventions to avoid backlash and risks. In relation to this, the marketers should take initiative to give a description of what they are marketing and explain it to consumers, especially novice consumers, so as to avoid the risks attached with risky products. For instance overdose of drugs which may result to death of the consumer.

One of the key points in this article is the ability of consumers to make choice of what they really want to purchase. Many are the times that consumers will ask for something not because they really know what it is actually, but because they have had some intuition and predetermined approach that what they are going for is what suits them best. Another key point is the naivety of consumers who even if advised would rather have their preference than heed to the professional advice, and consumers intellectuality being a determinant in planning for marketing. In addition, it is true that novice consumers show relatively very low awareness and interest in knowing the active ingredient in their purchases. There is therefore a big possibility of double purchases and hence some attached risks with it.

The article is a huge impact to my perception towards the marketing discipline. It tells me that every consumer, depending on their intellect, should be well addressed and educated on the product before they make a purchase lest it turn risky. Also, the paper shows that marketing as just an internally confusing field which revolves around the same terms for products can be the same but just have different naming. From the article, marketing is one very important and technical field with different consumers having different conceptions and perceptions for the same product without their knowledge it just the same thing they are purchasing. It is therefore courtesy of marketing possible to just have the same product though under different names. Marketing needs intellectual understanding to avert risks that may come with certain products. From this one can learn that re-branding can be used to sell the same product and the use of public messaging can give better results in creating awareness in marketing. Marketing has been widely used to capitalize on the naivety and uninformed preference of certain products by consumers. From the article, I change my perception on marketing and begin to see it from a different perspective as a powerful tool to betterment yet a risky one once not carefully procured for it may compromise the ethics of professionalism for own advantage.

Generally, the paper is well articulated and depicts the in-depths in marketing, though in a very intellectually deep manner. The paper is quite critical and exhaustive of the marketing codes and shows well the differences between the novice and expert consumers and what really happens to them both when making decisions of purchases and ascertaining the risks thereof from making purchases of a number of similar purpose products. I rate the paper high but again it only needs someone who is keen and high in intellectual understanding to read in between the lines and come up with its real theme.


Psychoeducational Model, Family Systems Theory, Consultation and Managed Care

Psychoeducational Models 

Pyscho-educational model includes a humanistic approach towards changing patterns of behavior, values, event interpretation and life perspectives of persons who are not adjusting well to their environments. Family Pyscho-education is therefore a behavioral and psychological intervention method which has its basis on clinical findings for teaching families to integrate well with mental health practioners as integral part of the collective treatment plan for patients within the family to avoid relapse and re-hospitalization. There are several approaches to the Pyscho-educational models which may include:

  • Single family-to-therapist technique- this technique includes a single family interacting with the professional therapist who advices and trains them on how to well accommodate and live well with the patient to help them integrate back to the family. It is training that is just dedicated to one patient and one family set up (Metcalf, 2011).
  • Multifamily group model- unlike the single family-to-therapist model, the multi-family group approach includes the therapist working with a number of several families together in a group setting using highly and well-structured problem solving format.
  • Mixed groups model-the mixed group model brings different groups of families and takes in them all collectively to same extensive and diversified training. It includes family members and the patients too from different family groups (Hecker & Wetchler, 2015).


One of the techniques that I may least consider using in family therapy is the single family to-therapist approach. This to me sounds a bit selfish because the patient belongs much to the bigger community and not the family alone. It will be better to have group families or mixed groups for they bring in the sense that ‘you are not alone in this’ and motivates families that they can make. The single family approach is quite isolating and not outgoing (Hecker & Wetchler, 2015).


Family systems theory

The family systems theory argues that persons may never be understood in isolation from one another, but rather as an integral part of their family for the family is an emotional unit. The family system has supra systems which may include:

  • Parental supra-systems- these are systems in which parents in a certain family system set-up group together, just as parents only.
  • Marital supra-systems- these a systems in which members of the same marital status may group together. For instance, men in the family purely group together while women in the family identify themselves in one group, purely as females (Titelman, 2014).
  • Sibling supra systems- these are family sub systems that are formed by siblings alone meaning that they cannot run into affairs of parental supra-systems or any other subsystems but carry their function independently as siblings.

The concept of interdependence means that one part of a system is dependent on the other such that a change in one part will make some change in the whole system or in other parts of the system. Supra-systems are interdependent parts of the whole family system and are therefore capable of influencing the functioning of the whole family system. From the supra-systems, the development of problem behaviors can be identified for it is according to the norms and beliefs of the supra-systems that the collective behaviour of the whole family system is achieved (Titelman, 2014).


Consultation and Managed Care.

Some of the stakeholders may include:

  • School counsellors- school counsellors interact very much with the students. From these interaction, the students open up about their family and empty all they know concerning their families to the, they can be very vital in getting the knowledge of the family and the problems facing the family when conducting family therapy, for instance when dealing with trauma, violence, and depression within the parents in a nuclear family setup Jungers & Gregoire, 2013).
  • Pediatricians-pediatricians interact with the children as they manage their health. They can be of considerable help for they have a history of the children and the family through the children they manage. They have vast pediatric information which can be easily used to identify the root cause of a certain behavior within the family set up.

One of the challenges that I anticipate is breaking the value of privacy and confidentiality through fetching information and sharing it with other people in the name of stakeholders. The patients trust them with that information and may find them bad and acting in denial if they find out they shared the information out (Jungers & Gregoire, 2013).

How is Alexander the Great portraying himself after becoming the ruler of the many peoples and cultures that were formerly under Achaemenid rule.

Alexander the Great was the Macedonian king, the Corinthian league leader, and the conqueror of Persia. In his life tenure as a king and a leader, he successfully forged the biggest ancient world western empire that comprised of many different cultures and people, ruling over them after the Achaemenid rule. Together with his Macedonian soldiers and forces who were patriotic and royal by rule and command, Alexander the Great subtled and re-united the Greeks and established again the Corinthian league right after the warfare between the Greek states which had persisted for almost a century owing to the great Peloponnesian war (Arrian, 117).

Consequently, Alexander the Great set well and strong the stage for his ‘divine’ Persian Empire conquest under the motivation of the hatred that had ensued for centuries between the Greeks and the perennial foes of Asia way from the time of Persian wars and also under the drive of his personal ambitions. Not only were his campaigns wars of liberating the Asia Minor Greek colonies but also a revenge mission for Greece against Persian plundering and attacks over the years. In a span of about eleven ears, his empire covered wide areas from the Himalayas to the Balkans including different people and cultures from eastern Mediterranean countries, Persia and Mesopotamia (Arrian, 121).

Alexander the Great was not at all touched by the Athenian democracy tradition for he candidly and autocratically ordered his professional forces and soldiers to must-obey him and ruled the conquered territories just like he did to his army. Alexander’s legacy was much of a fragmented empire though he inspired a new Hellenistic cosmopolitan culture age where many societies, peoples and places became more and more Greek during his rule. During the conquests, Alexander’s armies, who were Greek speaking, encountered a lot of various people who lived in the central, south and west Asia and some settled in those regions thus building communities just like the ones the soldiers and armies had left in Greece (Arrian, 117-119).

Though many have presently questioned Alexander the Great as a Greek culture champion owing to his much emulation of the Persians, he can still be termed great for the way he portrayed himself after becoming the ruler of many peoples and cultures that were formerly under the rule of Achaemenid. Right after the death of last Achaemenid ruler, who was Darius III, Alexander the Great is seen to portray himself as a strong defender of the Achaemenid culture and tradition as he adopted and inculcated very many of the Achaemenid practices and principles in his rule, in some occasions to the dismay and agitation of his strong Greek followers. For instance, just four years after him defeating the Achaemenids, the government of Alexander the Great gave orders under his approval in the very same language and format that was employed by the Achaemenids. Practically, the borders of Alexander’s empire overlapped the Achaeminid’s empire borders with his tax system, army, and administration all resembling the Achaeminids’ model and style (Arrian, 120).

Owing to his diversified empire that comprised of very many peoples, cultures and also his soldiers, Alexander the Great had to find a way in which he could appease all of them all together lest he lose his kingship. To achieve this Alexander is seen integrate non-Greek soldiers into his army and forces, and other non-Greeks into his administration in what is seen as the fusion policy. He too encouraged intermarriage between Greeks and other cultures and peoples who were non-Greeks, something he also practiced by marrying the daughter of prince Oxyartes, Rhoxana, and this was very unusual in the ancient world. In his efforts to remain in leadership which was getting diversified in various cultures, he is seen to try create a ruling class by linking Persian nobles to Macedonians. For instance, in Susa he commanded that a large number of Macedonians get married to Persian princesses. He to recruited Persian soldiers, in thousands of them, into his army after which he is seen to dismiss many of his loyal Macedonian soldiers just to appease his diversified cultural Empire (Arrian, 120).

Although Alexander the Great managed to rule over the many cultures and peoples, together with his army by various appeasing them, this did not just come easy. He was faced by a number of challenges in his efforts to appease both his soldiers and the conquered peoples and cultures. One of his challenges was the backlash from his Macedonian soldiers owing to the fusion policy that saw him dismiss some of them in favor of the newly recruited Persian soldiers. The Macedonian soldiers became enraged and criticized him greatly and condemned him for adopting the Persian manners and customs. To appease the Macedonian soldiers in return, he killed thirteen military leaders. The thanksgiving feast that was set at Susa and geared towards a more solid relationship between the Macedonians and the Persians, turns soar to the challenge of Alexander. Another challenge came in when he tried to appease the people of India by reinstating their king Porus even after his soldiers had conquered him, causing his royal armies to refuse to advance any farther hence him getting wounded by Malli warriors on their way back along the Indus (Arrian, 118).


Arrian. Anabasis of Alexander, Volume II: Books 5-7. Indica. Translated by P. A. Brunt. Loeb Classical Library 269. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1983.

Convolutional Neural Networks

Just from the name, Neural Networks can be said to be a machine learning methodology which is figured out and modelled with a very close reference to the structure of the brain. It is made up of neurons which is a network of learning units which convert input signals, for instance the picture of cat, into corresponding output signals, for instance the ‘cat’ label, basically achieving automated recognition. Taking an example of automatic image recognition, the whole process of ascertaining that a picture contains a cat much involves a function of activation. If the picture copycats prior images of a cat the neurons have come across before, the ‘cat’ label will be automatically activated. This means that the more the images the neurons have had an exposure to, the better its learning on recognizing other images which are not labelled, which is called the process of neurons training, an uncanny process (Sharp & Delmont, 2015).

Convolutional Neural Network aka CNN is a feed-forward artificial neural network type whereby the pattern of connectivity between its neurons is much inspired by the way animal visual cortex is organized making it a biologically-inspired model. Convolutional Neural Network is a type of artificial neural network that differs from the normal typical neural networks by the way in which signal flow between neurons. In the regular neural networks signals are passed in a single direction along the input-output channel, without allowing for a feedback or loopback of signals into the network aka in a forward feed technique only. Through forward feed networks can be successfully used in text and image recognition, the technique prerequisites the connection of all neurons thus an network structure which is overly-complex consequently constituting to a high complexity cost and very long training times when large data sets are used in training the network. Due to this shortcomings in the typical neural networks, there was dire need for better networks, hence the Convolutional Neural Networks (Venugopal & Patnaik, 2011).

CNNs work by making predictions through learning the relationship there is between the features of a certain data and some priory observed response. In CNNs, which are more of filtering and encoding by transformation, each network layer works as a detection filter for the availability of some specified features or patterns that are present in the original data. The very first layers of the CNN recognize the large features which can be detected and interpreted easily with the later layers used to detect smaller and more abstract features that are usually present in many of the large features priory detected by the first layers. The last layer of the Convolutional Neural Network is responsible for making a classification that is ultra-specific through bringing together all the specific features that were detected by the previous layers in the input data (Jayne & Iliadis, 2016).

In CNNs, each and every network layer works as a filter for the availability of specific patterns and features that are present in the original image. For detection by such an ultra-specific filter the position of the original image is irrelevant and the filters are made in such a way to detect whether or not the image contains such patterns or features. In the CNN learning process, the filter is positional shifted many times and applied at many different positions such that the entire image is covered fully in detail. Mostly, the input data is translated to image data first (Jayne & Iliadis, 2016).

CNNs are very useful in natural programming processing. In the problem solving and identification of contexts as done by CNNs, it is able to correct morphological information and misspelled words or context identification. CNNs is useful in Natural Programming Processing where semantics similarity is important to be deduced with thelgorithm working even better for unseen words. Word and character embedding is very possible with CNNs in Natural Programming Processing and the identification of word sequence and association is very possible with CNNs. Slot filling and sequence labeling problems since the introduction  of CNNs in Natural Programming Language has brought much accuracy (Jayne & Iliadis, 2016).

The distinct advantage of CNNs is the accuracy in the recognition of images solving problems that have been faced before in concern with image recognition. CNNs come with lots of accuracy and supports large input image size with good computational cost and representation power and less loss of spatial power. However, the CNNs too have disadvantages a fair share. The commissions therein in CNNs in that, for starters, most of the CNNs annuities are marketed and sold by insurance brokers who increase the cost through broker fees which may end up being high such that beginners may find it hard to raise and manage. The CNNs attract surrender charges for one is likely to attract a prohibiting surrender charge if they pull out money out of an annuity within the very first years from buying date. Another disadvantage of the CNNs is the high annual fees for the variable annuity which attracts very high expenses. The retirement nest egg may be affected if the annuity is not well settled and has high insurance fees. In addition CNNs are very complicated and need a lot of training on data management thus constituting high operational and computational costs. CNNs are so much complex to implement from scratch with machine practioners often utilizing complex functions like Tensorflow, MatConvNet, Torch and Caffe (Sharp & Delmont, 2015).

CNNs are applied in day to day living and tackles broad spectrum of classification and prediction problems and in scaling up applications which would have taken intractable data amounts. The cellular networks that are everyday thing over the world is applying the CNNs allowing parameter sharing and convolution with CNN algorithms analogous for the use of flash cards in studying for exams. The gradient descent algorithms sustain forward learning for sequential flashcards randomly. Learning algorithms require feedback for effective communication requires feedback. Through the validation of CNNs comparisons and predictions are easy to make with minimal errors through the back propagation of errors and requires much of CNNs. CNNs are so effective and have taken technology and programming to a higher ground giving good results that might not have been achieved otherwise (Jayne & Iliadis, 2016).

In conclusion, CNNs is made of four distinct layers which include: Convolution, Subsampling, Activation and Fully Connected. Convolution is made up of the very first layers that are responsible for receiving input signals aka convolution filters. In convolution, the network labels the input signal in reference to the past learned originality. Subsampling includes the smoothening of inputs in the convolution layer to reduce the sensitivity of filters to variations and noise. Activation layer is responsible for controlling how the signal flow across and in each layer just like the way neurons are fired in the brain. The Fully Connected layers include the last layers of the CNNs with neurons of the leading layers connected to each and every neuron in subsequent layers resembling the high reasoning levels where every possible pathway form the input to the output is considered (Venugopal & Patnaik, 2011).

Third Wave of Democratization is in decline?

The soil in which the Third Wave of Democratization was planted in is getting less fertile and the grounds getting harder for its survival. Weeds are outgrowing and choking the Third Wave of Democratization a great deal that what can be presumed and factually expected is the decline and probable extinction of the Third Wave of Democratization. I therefore concur with the majority thought that, what was once thought, the Third Wave of Democratization, to be a wave of revival, freedom, well-being, justice, unity, and cross-border social platform is much chocked and facing a formidable and hurting decline (Plattner, 2015).

Democracy around the whole world is facing a major decline. The levels of freedom are declining alarmingly all over the world. For instance, in the year 2014, the level of freedom on increased in thirty three countries but marginally went down in almost double digits hitting a record low in sixty one countries which is almost double the posted increase. Having a closer look at the political rights over the world which include the freedom to actively and freely take part in making decisions in the community and choosing leader, democracy is at stake and bream of death. The freedom to choose leaders and stake a ground on the community decisions is no more (Plattner, 2015).

Leaders have become more power-hungry and put democracy at stake, changing laws and shamelessly violating them to sit their own hunger for power. Across, many nations, presidential elections, for instance, are not going down without deaths and demonstrations that they were not free and fair. What has remained is more of authoritarian rule and command from the people in power segregating those that are democratically of a different opinion to them, with some even ending up in prisons or may be subsequent death. Instead of governments standing for the rights and equality of people, some governments are violating the freedom and laws for equality and practicing discrimination along race, gender among other forms of discrimination (Plattner, 2015).

Democracy is facing a significant decline looking at the way civil rights are getting violated. Civil rights include the freedom to front opinions, personal autonomy, and institutions independent of state policy, the free existence of uncontrolled independent media and the protection of minority rights. What has remained now is more of neo-colonization causing democratic regression and decline. It is considerably so hard to raise an opinion against the voice of the government however much it is good. The media is getting very much controlled and compromised to censor important news in favor of leaders and the government to the oppression of the minority. Authoritarian power regimes are tightening the screws of power hunger and rule authoritatively on their societies. Choices to petition any oppressive state opinion no more have room for it is either you accept or you accept, otherwise you have no choice (Plattner, 2015).

In a nutshell, the Third wave of Democratization is at stake. Presently, democracy is not embraced but violated great by power-hungry and authoritarian leaders who were put in place to guard it. It is no longer the choice that is good for you, but what is good for those that are in power no matter the pain and agony it causes the leaded. It is either you agree or agree with those that are in power in their ‘authoritative-democracy’ that only favors them. The democracy that remains only favors other democracies who share and boast equal power. Freedom of human rights, political rights and civil rights can only be read in papers but is never seen in application with those that placed to advocate for them violating them easily with no regret (Plattner, 2015).


Marc Plattner, (2015), Is Democracy in Decline? National Endowment for Democracy and Johns Hopkins University Press.

Emerging technology 3D

According to Gaudin (2014), the 3D Smartphone will improve on Google technology because it eases how information is accessed. The 3D Smartphone has the newly emerging technology have drawn attention because of its new applications, anticipated impacts and most importantly the potential controversies. The 3D Smartphone should be recommended because of the advantages it has to the current human generation. This will make users comfortable in fetching a more genuine image of their current places or their destinations. Lastly, 3D imagining could be so useful in Google glass to enhance mapping application, which has been computerized in spectacles. The 3D Smartphone will help in improving technology because they increase the ease of getting information.

The 3D Smartphone is associated with computer visions in researching field and robotic industry for proper management. This will bring a good understating in human-scale of space and motion. Additionally, technology developers should bring in the application of prototypes of the 3D Smartphone in Google. Another issue concerned by the 3D Smartphone is that it allows the users to expose the whole area and environment making their existing auto machines more treasured.

Based on the 3D Smartphone, it has a positive impact on historical, social, cultural, moral and ethical issues of the current human race. People using 3D Smartphone finds it easy to fetch a large amount of data for Google, for example, the Google’s vision of virtual reality. This will improve on human lives making it different from past virtual reality environment. Additionally, the 3D Smartphone will be useful in business companies as it enables managers to get in touch with other businesses by sharing their common interest in using Google.

Technology has very much impacted the social life over the world. Technology has positively impacted social life in that it has given people a platform to communicate and socialize anytime from the remote locations. It has been widely accepted for it has offered fast means to meetings and effective communication. However, technology has meant people antisocial too. People no longer want to meet physically but want to meet over social media platforms courtesy of technology. People have abused social media thus technology as they express their feelings over such platforms and has therefore altered the way people relate and created even misunderstandings and break ups, that could have otherwise been amicably solved physically. People no more interact physically, but have net meetings which have deluded the social being. Though technology has brought some bit of self-actualization, it cannot make the physical personal touch that was way before its pronounced acceptance. For instance, phones once talked social stratification but now they are being used to bring interconnectedness. With technology, there is more security and surveillance hence decreased crime. There is better interpersonal and intrapersonal relationships as people can harm each other less. However, this tracking may also result to more of crimes as thugs can track and trace what they want and easily identify their target (Morley, 2014).

Technology has too had considerable impacts on the culture. Technology has really altered the cultural norms and practices. Technology has availed lots of innovation and better and faster ways of doing things. For instance, advertising has become way too easy and information is reaching the whole world in very short time. Online platforms for advertising and online showrooms have changed the culture where people had to be physically present to make purchases and see the goods in the display shelves. Scientific innovation has really grown with technology giving new ways of doing things. For instance, there are techno-genetics and techno-reproductive means like GMO, where organisms can be modified through technology. Musical norms have changed with technology with musicians inculcating technology in their music production. The times when music was put on compact discs is gone as music can be displayed and marketed online. People can showcase their talent and creativity online and even have their dedicated online pages and platforms which help them promote and interact with fans easily. Also musical instruments courtesy of technology are quite sophisticated and have higher abilities. For instance, the present keyboards have incorporated almost all the instrument in a single setup. Computers are too well used for music sequencing unlike the ancient culture where musical recording was such a hard huddle for musicians (Morley & Parker, 2016).

Technology has had great impacts on the political font with politicians making their edge over the social media. For instance, president Obama much embraced the social media in his campaign and it turned out that it helped him much clinch the top seat in America. The United States is in much support of techno-compliance. Political and governmental practices and proceedings are getting simpler with technology. For instance the use of computers and technology in courts and assertive devices in schools has really revolutionized processes (Manish, 2014).

There is no doubt about the impact of technology on the economy. The economy considerably runs on the technological grounds with companies using technology for quicker production and manufacture of goods. Sales are easy to make with technology with economic research easy to achieve with technology. A business that embraces technology presently is quite different than that one which still embraces old business methodologies. However, technology has had its fair share of economic debacle in that owing to technology there is automation and people are losing jobs every dawn as technology gets more sophisticated (Morley & Parker, 2016).

Technology has had impacts on the environment too. Technology has made the environment vulnerable to different dangers, for instance the danger of global warming is all much attributed to technology. Wildlife and marine life has seen a lot of dangers courtesy of technology. For sure technology owes the ecosystem an apology for before the rise in technology it was all smiles. Though technology has had save on raw materials, the dangers that it has caused are greatly hazardous. The use of fertilizers has turned the ecosystems and the environment poisonous. When these fertilizers are washed to the marine life, they pollute it and thus pollutes life, human and animal life, and causes dangers in health (Morley, 2014).

In conclusion, the 3D Smartphone as a newly emerging technology will be very useful in Google field as it transforms lives. The phone will aid in getting information.  This is because it is very quick in internet searching hence makes life easier and bearable.

Exploring the Milky Way Documentary

A galaxy is a system comprising of dark matter, dust, stellar remnants and interstellar gas, and the stars, and is bound together by gravitational forces. The Milky Way can be therefore referred to be the galaxy or the system that holds the solar system. The name Milky Way is coined from the appearance of this galaxy as a dim lighting band that arches across the night universe and sky with its individual stars not able to be well differentiated by just the naked eye. Taking the earth as the point of reference view, the Milky Way is seen as a band owing to its shape, which is like that of a disc, structure as viewed from within.

Astronomers all the way widely believe that the massive black hole at the heart of the Milky Way has been there since the very start time immemorial. Looking up the sky at night, there is a broad light swath. Identified by the ancient astronomers as milk, as a river, and as a path among other definitions, the band has been present and visible in the sky since the creation of the earth. As seen from one of its outer arms, the intriguing light line is seen to be at the center of the galaxy. If there was a way of looking down on the Milky Way from the an aerial view, a central budge that is surrounded by four very large spiral arms that go round it would be seen. Therefore, the Milky Way can be said to be a barred spiral galaxy approximated to be about one hundred thousand light years in diameter.

The Milky Way sits not still but is in constant rotation so as the arms move through the space with the sun and the solar system travelling along them too.

The bulge is the greatest reason that from the earth surface one can see just a small percentage of the whole number of stars that there are in the universe or the galaxy.

The most visible ingredients in the galaxy are stars, dust and gas but the Milky Way also contains some dark matter. Though it can’t be detected by scientists, they can measure it just like black holes … The Milky Way is made up of over two hundred billion stars and enough gas and dust to make even more billions.



The Milky Way Documentary, web:, December 02, 2016.

Case Study- Access Control

Just like any other asset of an organization, data and information are very important and valuable too. It is therefore very important to highly and suitably protect and guard information and data. Just like information and data can be created, processed, stored, used and transmitted, it can also be corrupted, lost, stolen, destroyed, used for improper purposes or lost. Any improper use or harm to information, means that the organization is also harmed. It is therefore paramount to ensure proper use of information which can only be achieved through good management, access control of information and ensuring top security of ay organization information and data. Information security and access control can only be achieved through establishing, implementing and maintaining good and working security policies to curb any malice and improper use of information (Kim & Solomon, 2016).

An information security policy includes a living set of standards and policies that is administered by the organization in order to ensure that all the users of information technology within the organizational domain and its affiliate networks well comply with the set guidelines and rules in relation to the security of information that is digitally stored at any instance in the organization’s network or authority boundaries. It involves the procedures, policies and technology that is adopted in an effort to reduce information security threats, risks, vulnerabilities, and destructive and lossy consequences that arise as a result of not protecting data and information. The security policy should be able to cover for unintentional and intentional threats and risks (Williams, 2016).

Being the information security Engineer, the risk management policy will include living measures, subject for continued updating, that will seek to address security risks from the very start of data processing to finished information, stored, transmitted, and shared information in, within, and out of the organization. To earn back the trust of customers, the policy will seek to handle all the breaches leading to such a threat by making sure that customers’ confidential data and information, and financial assets are handled with top security and privately. To ensure this, the information systems will have authentication and passwords to verify the authenticated users and handlers of customer privacy, such that customers’ documents and confidential data cannot be accessed and handled by any employee but only the authorized ones (Kim & Solomon, 2016).

To secure credit card information and any other information in the organization, suspicious connections will be avoided and tamed by implementing a model for tiered protection and security of data and information which will include multiple perimeter defense rings to repel ant applicable malicious threats, attacks, and leakages of information. The policy will include both physical and logical security such that every system will require authorization, authentication, encryption and passwords in case one has to access them and also restriction of access by use of locks on storage, networking and server rooms. Any employee responsible for opening the systems and rooms will be required to have high integrity (Williams, 2016).

The networks affiliated to the organization will be logically secured using fire walls, antispyware and attack-detection programs on servers and other storage systems to prevent unauthenticated access and attacks. In case of any arising problem, the policy will have measures for emergency threats and provide quick-fix measures not to alleviate the problem. It will also include training of employees to make information and systems security a priority with a good back up of data and information, most preferably cloud storage and a good contingency plan covering both hardware and software thus mitigating and close any openings for intruders (Kim & Solomon, 2016).