The Major Disorders Affecting The Elderly

The Major Disorders Affecting The Elderly

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The Major disorders

The world has moved to the extent of classifying disorders according to the age group they affect. Perhaps, some disorders can affect both parties. The disorders are common among the aging are the autism spectra disorder, the attention deficit disorder and probably the musculoskeletal disorder that affects the muscles of the elders making them not to walk properly. However, there are other disorders such as depression and the rest, but they are not as pronounced as the disorder as mentioned earlier. This is because they are found common to almost all the aging people or rather the adults (Heilbrun, 2015).

Effects to the elderly

The musculoskeletal disorder has effects such as loss of cartilage resilience, it reduces the ligament elasticity, loss of the muscular strength hence the person cannot do heavy work, and finally fat redistribution thereby reducing the ability of the tissues to function normally (Fits, 2011). The other type is the attention deficit disorder which makes a person inattentive and impulsive. An impulsive person is an individual who is socially unstable and often interrupts others, or sometimes they make very inconsiderate decisions without looking at the long-term effects.

The Attention Disorder deficit

It is also known as the hyperactive disorder.  This is a brain disease that is shown by the ongoing patterns of inattention by lowering the concentration ability. Consequently, it can result in three significant conditions such as inattention hence making a person have difficulty in sustaining the focus over something, making the person disorderly. Hyperactivity meaning the person is very restless and talks a lot or makes a lot of fidgeting. Lastly, the impulsivity, which involves the person making hasty decisions without having many thoughts. This disorder does not only affect the elderly but also the young sometimes (Heibrun, 2015).

Challenges to the elderly vs. the youth

The attention deficit disorder as discussed above affects the attention of the person. The disorder makes the elder forget things like eyeglasses and sometimes cell phones in case they have one. To the youth, it makes the young people forget things at schools such as the books, pencils and other things. Moreover, it also leads to the person disliking some tasks that will involve a lot of mental works such as reading the Bible in adults while on the side of the youth it may include things like disliking doing homework and schoolwork and the rest. The disorder affects the social ability of the person since he or she cannot stay calm when with friends (Heilbrun, 2015).

Solutions to the person suffering

Unfortunately, some people say that there is no cure, but I strongly believe that we can control the disorder (Fits, 2011). However, some treatments can be done such as medication, physiotherapy which include invitation of a chancellor, education, and training from the specialized schools. Perhaps, the treatment in the form of medication will possibly involve the use of stimulants which multiplies the brain chemicals known as dopamine which is essential in thinking. The stimulants are said to have side effects and some of the risks if taken in excess or misused but when taken according to the instructions it can work efficiently.

Conclusions

The older adult diagnosed with this disorder should be taken to a chancellor to try to involve the brain. At least the Chancellor will have an idea of how to assist the situation (S.O, 2011). Apart from this, the patient should be given the stimulants to help regain the brain activity which was lost by the disorder. And lastly, we should engage this person to do some work even if it’s a small work like just reading or possible make them tell stories to the grandchildren. This idea will help the person to some extent use the brain to do something.

Work cited

ATTENTION-DEFICIT, S. O. (2011). ADHD: clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents. Pediatrics, peds-2011.

Fiks, A. G., Gafen, A., Hughes, C. C., Hunter, K. F., & Barg, F. K. (2011). Using free listing to understand shared decision making in ADHD: parents’ and pediatricians’ perspectives. Patient education and counseling, 84(2), 236-244.

Heilbrun, L. P., Palmer, R. F., Jaen, C. R., Svoboda, M. D., Perkins, J., & Miller, C. S. (2015). Maternal chemical and drug intolerances: potential risk factors for autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, 28(4), 461-470.

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