The Prevalence of Smocking in Australia

The Prevalence of Smocking in Australia

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Introduction

The smoking prevalence in Australia is different among the population groups that were chosen for study. In the study carried out show some statistics on the percentage of the people smoking in the area. Some population were selected according to ages and done in the three different regions in Australia and carried out in various years. The regions were as follows health and society student Cohort (H&S), National Australian health survey (NHS) and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island Health Survey (ATSI)  The age group 18-24, has the highest percentage of people smoking in ATSI, while the H&S has the perhaps the lowest percentage of smokers. This shows that most of the youths in ATSI smoke a lot compared to the other population group.

The next is 25-34 where the ATSI still leads in the percentage of people smoking while NHS and H&S have the same proportion of smokers. The ages 35-44 is leading regarding percentage in the ATSI region and some percentage below in the NHS while none of the population group in H&S smokes. The next is 45 and above where the ATSI region still leads with the highest number of people smoking while NHS follows with some percentage below and none of the population group in the area H&S smokes. Then generally, from 18-above the ATSI still leads in the number of people smoking, then followed by NHS and lastly is H&S region with the lowest value. According to the study, most of the people between the age group 25-34 years smoke more across the entire region given. People of the age group 34-45 and perhaps 45 and above in the H&S population does not smoke at all according to the result provided by the researchers. The team in 25-34 has the highest percentage of smokers in ATSI population.

Social determinant

Smoking is one among the drugs that have robbed people unknowingly to quench their thirst especially to the individuals who are addicted. From the current economy, the cost of 25 cigarettes is around $21 which is on the rise, and we don’t know how it will be for the next five years (Chapman & Mackenzie, page 34). However, from the data the age bracket 25-34 in ATSI has the highest number of people smoking. This is because most of the individuals in this age group are working class and can afford to buy the cigarette at whatever price and they are happy with life, and perhaps most of them have not begun families. When we look at the same population with 18-25 the percentage is not that big since this person still depends on the families for income while the age 34-45 its proportion in the same population is a bit small since they get money but they have families and where to spend, and this makes them control the consumption rate. The same situations are realized in the other population like the H&S and the NHS. However, we notice different results in the communities; we can say that the community in the ATSI is made up of people who have a steady outcome and can afford the drug as compared to the population in H&S and NHS. The more the person earns and fewer responsibilities give some freedom to engage are other activities like smoking as leisure (Schaap & Kunst, page 104).

The cultural determinant

The culture of a particular region has some effect and would make a person to choose whether to continue smoking or not (Paul & Keevy, page 211). The population of ATSI has the highest population smoking among the other groups. This result we make us say that the region is made up people who don’t go to church or perhaps doesn’t belong to any religion due to the freedom that they have in smoking even among the youths. The population in H&S and NHS has shown some small percentage of tobacco use prevalence. Considering the culture as a determinant for the results, we can say that the people in this population have some strict cultures such as religion that is perhaps making the people deter from smoking (Gartner & Hall, page 183). We can say that the somehow most of the families in this region are brought up under a strict religious background that makes most of them away from the trap of smoking. Apart from religion, we can say that the population ATSI the leaders have allowed the habit to have its way since maybe they are the same people who have the habit and this makes the children in this population to follow what their parents are doing. The other population, however, maybe is having some strict laws from the leaders hence reducing the number of people smoking (Siru & Tait, page 729).

Environmental determinant

The environment where people are will promote the use of cigar or perhaps will reduce the utilization. Since the population, ATSI has the highest percentage of individuals smoking than the others across the age groups. Based on the environment, we can say that people in this kind of population are living in a well or civilized society where the addicts can easily access the cigars due to the advancement and civilization of environment (Danaei, page 1785). In addition to these, we can say that they are living in cold environment and people smoke to get some warmth. However, the other two populations have shown some small percentage of individuals having the habit according to the research. The environment could be a hindering factor for these kinds of communities in that; the environment could be so remote thereby making the people access to the cigars difficult (Smith & Legat, page 115). The people are not able to access the shops easily, and this could be the reason why there is the small percentage of the smoking personnel. In addition to these, the environment in these two regions could be too hot and therefore making the people in these populations have some few percentages in the number of smokers. In conclusion, the three factors have one way or another influencing the taking of the cigars in the different populations. These determinants have affected the rate of consumption in some population while hindering the other community (Lawrence & Stephen, page 285).

References

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Chapman, S. and MacKenzie, R., 2010. The global research neglect of unassisted smoking cessation: causes and consequences. P.g 34

Paul, C.L., Ross, S., Bryant, J., Hill, W., Bonevski, B., and Keevy, N., 2010. The social context of smoking: a qualitative study comparing smokers of high versus low socioeconomic position. BMC public health, 10(1), p.211.

Gartner, C.E., Barendregt, J.J. and Hall, W.D., 2009. Predicting the future prevalence of cigarette smoking in Australia: how low can we go and by when?. Tobacco control, 18(3), pp.183-189.

Lawrence, David, Francis Mitrou, and Stephen R. Zubrick. “Smoking and mental illness: results from population surveys in Australia.” BMC public health 9, no. 1 (2009): 285.

Smith, D.R., and Leggat, P.A., 2007. An international review of tobacco smoking in the medical profession: 1974–2004. BMC Public Health, 7(1), p.115.

Schaap, M.M., and Kunst, A.E., 2009. Monitoring of socio-economic inequalities in smoking: learning from the experiences of recent scientific studies. Public health, 123(2), pp.103-109.

Siru, R., Hulse, G.K. and Tait, R.J., 2009. Assessing motivation to quit smoking in people: a review. Addiction, 104(5), pp.719-733.

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