The Antibiotics Resistance
There has been a tremendous emergence of the happening globally, thereby endangering the efficiency of the antibiotics that are being used against the infection which has saved many lives. However, it happened that when the first patient was treated with the drug, the bacteria infection has become the problem again as the patients gain resistant to the antibiotics. The antibiotic resistance and failure to cure the infection has been traced to be caused by the misuse of the drugs, the overuse of the medication by the patients and also by the use of agricultural products (Weston, 305).
For example, the Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) infections have spread globally resisting penicillin which has always been used to treat the infection. This has happened due to the mutation of the anti-MRSA agents hence making the drugs ineffective for use to counter the infection. On the other hand, Clostridium difficile commonly known as the C-diff which is a pathogen that has the effect of causing diarrhea resistance (Weston, 305). The disease has been treated by clindamycin and fluoroquinolones drugs in most health centers. However, in recent times the pathogen has shown some resistance to the antibiotic developed for its treatment. These have placed the lives of many people in the world at risk as some people have died due to the disease. The first challenge for the treatment of C diff is that its ability to form a large number of spores. Because spores are tough to destroy and can live for an extended period of time within the body destroying the cells and hence causing disease.
The measures are taken to counter the infections
The MRSA infections have shown tremendous effects on the use of antibiotics like the Penicillin which was developed to combat the infection (Weston, 305). However, scientists, as well as the health practitioners, have discovered that the bacteria do change in size and shape, in other words, mutates and thus making it difficult for the antibiotics to act on the infection. About this, other antibiotics such as linezolid, tigecycline, daptomycin, and ceftaroline have been developed to counter the diseases. The same problem occurred and due to the mutation strategy of the infectious agents. Fortunately, the MRSA infections have shown some positive decline when hygiene is kept to some levels that are required by constant washing of hands and drinking of water. The treatment method had shown some difficulty which has been replaced by preventive measures.
In the case of C-diff, the pores are very difficult to manage and control. However, there have been a lot of drugs that have been invented to counter the effects of the pathogens in the body. The spores that are created by the pathogen that has caused diarrhea and bloating that might be very painful to some extent. In response to this, some drugs have been released to the market known as the fidaxomicin (Dificid) which has been used in the treatment of resistant pathogen. The health centers moved on to administer the drug until a period of time of time when it was discovered that to be ineffective. This then led to the development of antimotility drugs such as atropine (Lomotil) or loperamide (Imodium), which have been used to replace the above drug. The effectiveness of these was the ability to get rid of the spores and toxins that had occupied the colon. With time the drug becomes ineffective, and the physicians and the inventors came up with a solution that the best way of preventing the disease is by the judicious use of antibiotics (Weston, 305).
Weston, D., 2008. Infection prevention and control: theory and practice for healthcare professionals. John Wiley & Sons.Pp 305