The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act
The foreign intelligence surveillance act established in the year 1978 and describes the formal procedure used in the surveillance and the collection of the information (Kerr, 2008). The act since the establishment has experienced a lot of amendments in the recent past. The first amendment in the year 2001 was the USA patrol law which incapacitated terrorism as part of groups that is not backed up by the foreign government. Consequently, this was followed by the Protect American Act in the year 2007 which an overhaul of the bill and operated as law the following year that is 2008.
Ideally, it is the role of the Congress to continue reauthorizing the events that take place within FISA. The changes that are taking place within the FISA current is due to the Congress Act which operates to aid the activities and monitor the situations. For example, the FISA was used as the legal basis for the mass surveillance programs that were disclosed in the year 2014 as an amendment strategy. Moreover, the section or the title VII of the FISA was added in the year 2008 and came up with various procedures targeting the non-USA and USA individuals who were believed to stay outside the United States of America. This situation expanded the nature of judicial approval of duties or rather activities such as the surveillance of the U.S who happen to be in other foreign lands like in Germany or perhaps France. Now, the Attorney General and the director of national intelligence have the power to lead and authorize the intelligence given by the section 720 of the amendment Act. This allows them to collect data without any authority from the national government (Kerr, 2008).
Kerr, Orin S. “Updating the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act.” The University of Chicago Law Review 75, no. 1 (2008): 225-243.