B) The nations merged and formed treaties that led for stronger alliances. The war made things to be worse to other countries that were defeated and taken as slaves while to others like Germany who won; the war was beneficial. For example, after the World War 1, Germany Empire rose to power and become more influential. There was the aspect of competition in Germany as their leader Wilhelm II envied the Britain Navy and wanted to build a Rival Navy and get more colonies around the world for the show of superiority (Kesternich, Siflinger, Smith & Winter, 2014). The life in Germany was all about moving to the level of the power through various methods of colonizing the nations and expanding the German empire.
The partial participation of the nations that turned up for the peace treaty in the Paris peace conference led to the failure of the Versailles. The meeting was attended by mostly the league of the nations while the losers of the war did not participate in the conference. The league nations who participated include France, Italy, England, United States and Japan have the most say in the decision as a punishment for the losers. The choices include the military restrictions, the separation cases and also the boundary changes. Due to these reasons, the treaty that would have brought an alliance of peace turned to the preparation and the illusion of war in the future.
The Germans and Russia signed the Rapallo treaty as opposed to the treaty that was signed by others in the west which re-established the diplomatic relations between the nations and a start up to the build-up of the world war 11. The Russian has not taken part in the Paris peace conference contributed so much to the commencement of the war, and this gave the Germans to take another chance to make what they lost in the last World War 1. This happenings and events of misunderstanding led to the eruption of world war 11 (Thompson, 2015).
B) World War 1 ended with a treaty of Versailles that was signed with nations that were in Europe for the sake of peace. The Germans were summoned in Versailles to sign the treaty in the year 1919, and this marked the end of the First World War. The 14 plan developed by Wilson was believed to bring stability and peace in the entire Europe Such as the open diplomacy as the first and the Freedom of negotiation (Cooper, 2001).
Cooper, J. M. (2001). Breaking the Heart of the World: Woodrow Wilson and the Fight for the League of Nations. Cambridge University Press.
Edelman, M. J. (2009). The symbolic uses of politics. University of Illinois Press.
Kesternich, I., Siflinger, B., Smith, J. P., & Winter, J. K. (2014). The effects of World War II on economic and health outcomes across Europe. Review of Economics and Statistics, 96(1), 103-118.
Thompson, J. M. (2015). Russia, Bolshevism, and the Versailles Peace. Princeton University Press.