Personality Theories

Personality Theories




The psychoanalytic conceptualizations have received various dimensions with the different theories in the gradual identification of one’s personality.  Various theories of personality describe individual behaviors. They are the Psychodynamic theory, Neo-analytic theory, biological personality theory, cognitive personality theory, Trait personality theory and others. These theories explain various ways through which people behave as far as their personality is concerned.  Therefore, in this paper, I will discuss the theory that best describes my behavior and mention why I choose the theory. I will also give my views on whether personality is biological or learned.

Trait Personality theory

The theory states that human beings are clusters of temperaments, trait, and skills. It assists more than the other in describing my behavior through the use of big five traits dimensions that efficiently reflects on an individual’s personality. Through this, I was able to understand that my character to think first before I undertake any initiative is captured among the big five trait which is consciousness. Therefore, compared to other personality theories, trait personality theory is perhaps open and easy to understand. The theory display that an individual differs various ways such as some are friendly, selfish, and loyal, and others are dependable. Moreover, through the theory being able to easily understand my friendly nature as an aspect of my personality. For example, through the many friends that I have and openness, I can easily say that am an extrovert. Since this is influenced by my day to day interaction with people in the environment.

I believe that personality is learned and not just determined biologically through gene formation. Taking references from cognitive personality theory, we understand that environment and cognition are the most significant of what it means to be a person. Through this, we can say that the context in which a person lives can impact or alter the individual’s personality. For example, an individual can be described as the introvert because they are always silent where people are and not easily interactive. These can be due to the environment that he or she might be staying either the people are more learned than him or her that lowers his or her self-esteem. The same person when taken to an environment of his or her equals the person can exhibit a different character (Fuller & Marler, 2009).

The ‘’state’’ Bias

The indication of the fact that personality trait is learned can be understood by my Bias towards a ‘’state’’ perspective. In this case, we understand that a person’s factor trait can be influenced by the context of the environment. Therefore, we can say that a personality trait is sometimes not stable but continually fluctuates according to situations or events that a person is found enclosed. For example, an individual can be an optimistic success seeker in sporting activities but the pessimistic failure who avoids things in workplaces (Roberts, Wood & Smith, 2005).


The recent research by some psychologist has made a swing of the pendulum towards the nature side of some traits that can only be learned. Therefore, the controversy that exists is to find out the ones that are learned and the ones that are biologically determined.  However, I believe that most of the personality traits are learned and are continually changing the environment. Finally, through the trait personality theory, I have understood what personality I carry.


Fuller, B., & Marler, L. E. (2009). Change is driven by nature: A meta-analytic review of the proactive personality literature. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 75(3), 329-345.

Roberts, B. W., Wood, D., & Smith, J. L. (2005). Evaluating five factor theory and social investment perspectives on personality trait development. Journal of Research in Personality, 39(1), 166-184.

Spielberger, C. D. (2010). State‐Trait anxiety inventory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc..
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